Eukarya – animal & plant cell structure

  • recognise the following cell structures and outline their functions:
    • cell surface membrane
    • nucleus, nuclear envelope and nucleolus
    • rough endoplasmic reticulum
    • smooth endoplasmic reticulum
    • Golgi body (Golgi apparatus or Golgi complex)
    • mitochondria (including small circular DNA)
    • ribosomes (80S in the cytoplasm and 70S in chloroplasts and mitochondria)
    • lysosomes
    • centrioles and microtubules
    • chloroplasts (including small circular DNA)
    • cell wall
    • plasmodesmata
    • large permanent vacuole and tonoplast of plant cells
  • state that ATP is produced in mitochondria and chloroplasts and outline the role of ATP in cells
  • describe the differences between plant and animal cell structure