Biodiversity & farming

  • discuss the threats to the biodiversity of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems
  • discuss the reasons for the need to maintain biodiversity
  • discuss methods of protecting endangered species, including the roles of zoos, botanic gardens, conserved areas (national parks and marine parks), ‘frozen zoos’ and seed banks
  • discuss methods of assisted reproduction, including IVF, embryo transfer and surrogacy, used in the conservation of endangered mammals
  • discuss the use of culling and contraceptive methods to prevent overpopulation of protected and non-protected species
  • use examples to explain the reasons for controlling alien species
  • discuss the roles of non-governmental organisations, such as the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), in local and global conservation
  • outline how degraded habitats may be restored with reference to local or regional examples